Writers

Add to researchSimon Armitage

Simon Armitage

Richard Moran

Born
Huddersfield, England
Genre
Poetry, Non-Fiction, Fiction, Drama
 
 
Biography
Poet and novelist Simon Armitage was born in 1963 in Huddersfield, England.

After studying Geography at Portsmouth Polytechnic, he worked with young offenders before gaining a postgraduate qualification in social work at Manchester University. He worked as a probation officer in Oldham until 1994.

His poetry books include Zoom! (1989), Kid (1992), and CloudCuckooLand (1997), which contains the poem 'The Tyre', adapted as a short film in 2000, and 'Eclipse', a short performance piece for young people commissioned by the National Theatre in London. He won an Eric Gregory Award in 1988, was named 'Most Promising Young Poet' at the inaugural Forward Poetry Prize in 1992, won the Sunday Times Young Writer of the Year Award in 1993, and was Poet in Residence for the New Millennium Experience Company in 1999. Mister Heracles (2000), an adaptation of Euripides' Heracles, was commissioned by the West Yorkshire Playhouse. His Selected Poems was published in 2001, followed by The Universal Home Doctor (2002) and a new verse adaptation of Homer's epic, Odyssey, in 2006. His stage plays include Mister Heracles and Jerusalem (2005), was also commissioned by the West Yorkshire Playhouse.

Simon Armitage has worked extensively in film, radio and television. He wrote and presented Xanadu (1992), a 'poem film for television', broadcast by BBC television as part of the 'Words on Film' series, and his film about the American poet Weldon Kees was broadcast by the BBC in 1993. He also wrote and narrated Saturday Night, a documentary about Leeds, and Drinking for England, both broadcast by the BBC in 1996 as part of the 'Modern Times' series. Moon Country (1996), written with Glynn Maxwell, retraced a visit to Iceland in 1936 by the poets W. H. Auden and Louis MacNeice, and was adapted as a six-part series, Second Draft from Saga Land, broadcast by BBC Radio 3. He also wrote the song lyrics for the award-winning Channel 4 film, Feltham Sings, and the libretto for the opera The Assassin Tree, premiered at the Edinburgh International Festival in 2006. Out of the Blue (2008) collects three pieces written in response to the anniversaries of three conflicts: a film-poem about 9/11; a piece commissioned by Channel 5 for VE Day and a radio poem on Cambodia 30 years after the rise of the Kmer Rouge.


He is also the author of All Points North (1998), a collection of essays about the north of England and Gig (2008), a memoir of a life of music and poetry. His first novel, Little Green Man (2001), the story of 30-something divorcee Barney and his attempt to relive childhood experiences, explores the darker side of male friendship. His second, The White Stuff (2004), by turns comic and moving, examines issues of childlessness and identity.

Simon Armitage is currently a Senior Lecturer at Manchester Metropolitan University. He became a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature in 2004. 2007 saw the publication of his translation, Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. The Not Dead (2008) is a collection of poems which tell the stories of veterans of the Gulf, Bosnia and Malayan wars. The Poetry of Birds, a collection of poetry he edited with Tim Dee,was published in late 2009.

In 2010, Seeing Stars was published - described as a 'collection of dramatic monologues, allegories, parables and tall tales - and shortlisted for the 2010 T. S. Eliot Prize. In the same year he was awarded a CBE for services to poetry.

Critical Perspective

Simon Armitage is undoubtedly the most popular and widely known poet of his 1960s-born generation: his work having been regularly anthologised and broadcast on radio and television, his readings and festival appearances always well-attended.

His poetry’s combination of streetwise lingo and contemporary subject matters with a resourceful inventiveness and serious artistic ambition has already made it a now longstanding feature on the National Curriculum. In fact, Sean O’Brien has rightly compared his popularity and status to that of Philip Larkin, Armitage having learnt much from his predecessor’s down-to-earth, unflinching and often gritty dealings with the everyday and life’s shortcomings. But Armitage’s voice is fundamentally young and energetic: a mixture of slangy, contemporary jargon and his native northern vernacular that owes as much to Larkin, Ted Hughes and Tony Harrison as it does to Carol Ann Duffy, Weldon Kees and Frank O’Hara. His poems possess a vitality all of their own, a heightened chattiness that combines idiomatic cliché with arresting and often unusual observations and descriptions, spanning Armitage’s favoured territory of tell tales, humorous dramatic monologues and often sinister, noirish anecdotes.

Armitage burst onto the poetry scene with his first collection, Zoom! (1989), his voice completely distinctive, his energetic style fully formed. ‘Snow Joke’, the book’s opening poem, signals the poet’s allegiance to the living language and a northern locale: ‘Heard the one about the guy from Heaton Mersey?’ This is the first of a number of poems that draw parallels between poetry and stand-up comedy, demonstrating Armitage’s acute awareness of the form as artifice and inventive performance. As Ian Samson has noted, Zoom! also marks out Armitage as master of the unexpected opening (‘Of all the bloody cheek’ from ‘Bus Talk’; ‘Harold Garfinkel can go fuck himself’ from ‘Phenomenology’) and the click-shut conclusion: ‘If you only pay peanuts, you’re working with monkeys’ from ‘Eighties, Nineties’; ‘I could have scored. I could have contended’ from ‘Ten Pence Story’. What the collection ultimately demonstrates, however, is a young poet who already appears to be at the peak of his powers, as comfortable and able writing about a male mechanic guiding a woman through car maintenance (‘Very Simply Topping Up the Brake Fluid’) as with figuring language and poetry itself as a supernatural ‘billiard ball weighing more than Saturn’ (‘Zoom!’).

Armitage’s second collection, Kid (1992), continues to reiterate the winsome effects and qualities of his earlier poetry, but also reveals the beginnings of a decidedly more sober lyric style, something that dominates later work. As a result, poems such as ‘Brassneck’, where a couple of rough-and-ready petty thieves go ‘down in the crowds at the [football] grounds where the bread is: […] walk[ing] off the terrace / with a grand exactly / in dog-eared tenners’, share space with pieces such as the elegant, tender and moving ‘At Sea’: ‘It is not through weeping, / but all evening the pale blue eye / on your most photogenic side has kept / its own unfathomable tide.’ Winner of the first Forward Poetry Prize (Most Promising Young Poet), Kid also contains some of Armitage’s most memorable poems to date, not least the sonnet ‘Poem’, an Auden-esque exploration of morality and the contradictions that make up a life: ‘And every week he tipped up half his wage. / And what he didn’t spend each week he saved. / And praised his wife for every meal she made. / And once, for laughing, punched her in the face.’

In his third collection, Book of Matches (1993), an almost Muldoonian playfulness takes hold of Armitage’s most autobiographical poems: a sequence of loose sonnets taking the same time to read as a match does to burn. Heartfelt humour often marks these pieces, as in the following opening lines: ‘My father thought it bloody queer, / the day I rolled home with a ring of silver in my ear / half hidden by a mop of hair. ‘You’ve lost your head. / If that’s how easily you’re led / you should have had it through your nose instead.’’ But the collection also contains pithy tales of blunt and coolheaded contemporary violence: ‘I let him have it / on the top road out of Harrogate – once / with the head, then six times with the krooklok / in the face – and didn’t even swerve’ (‘Hitcher’). One of Armitage’s longstanding poetic strengths – a willingness to tackle almost any subject – is also evident in a fourth collection, The Dead Sea Poems (1995), taking in such topics as the poet’s own productivity, homelessness, stand-up comedy, self-harm, a millennial bonfire, and, of course, the famous scrolls of the book’s title. Though weakened by the drawn-out inconsequentiality of ‘The Whole of the Sky’, a long sequence on the constellations, Armitage’s fifth collection, Cloudcuckooland (1997), harbours similar strengths: the ordinary object of a tyre in one poem is brilliantly metamorphosed into a creature ‘sloughed, unconscious, warm to the touch, / its gashed, rhinoceros, sea-lion skin / nursing a gallon of rain in its gut.’

However, as James Lasdun noted in the Times Literary Supplement, Cloudcuckooland felt ‘like a transitional book; wrestling with old habits, stating new ambitions’, and it was to Armitage’s credit and his writing’s benefit that he branched out into novels and prose in general. This started with All Points North (1998), a collection of essays and anecdotes which quickly became a bestseller, not least because Armitage’s jaunty, moving and often humorous prose style was so evocative of his much-lauded Yorkshire compatriot, Alan Bennett. Though predictably laddish in its plot and characters, Armitage’s first novel, Little Green Man (2001), was also a success: a poet’s eye for detail and capacity for highly suggestive description making it a bold and impressive debut, something he – perhaps for the worst – attempted to move away from in his somewhat more suppressed and serious second, The White Stuff (2004).

If such occasional shortcomings were evident in his early prose, however, Armitage’s poetry saw itself finding a deeper, darker, and near-elegiac new direction. In poems such as ‘The Twang’ and ‘The Laughing Stock’ from The Universal Home Doctor (2002), a rebarbative edge appears in Armitage’s voice, his – albeit humorous – dealings with Englishness and national identity often reminiscent of Peter Reading’s and Sean O’Brien’s. But Armitage is never content mourning for times past, and his most recent collection, Tyrannosaurus Rex versus the Corduroy Kid (2006) mixes poems of stark political relevance and mythological potency with those of absurdist humour and moving poignancy, including a suitably fantastical and upbeat elegy for the late American poet, Michael Donaghy. Starting with 2006’s The Odyssey, Armitage has also begun working on translation, his latest, Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (2007), having been applauded by Nicholas Lezard in The Guardian as ‘a translation that not only can you actually read for pleasure, but which takes you back closer to the thrill and wonder the poem would have had in the days when it was composed’. In such a hectically productive and successful career, then, it is perhaps hard to see where Armitage will turn next. But as Peter Forbes once noted in Poetry Review, ‘Armitage’s work is exciting enough to ensure that every appearance is eagerly awaited’, and as his writing enters its third decade, it may well be that the best is yet to come.


Ben Wilkinson, 2008 

Bibliography

2010
Seeing Stars, Faber and Faber
2009
The Poetry of Birds, editor with Tim Dee, Viking
2009
Ted Hughes, selector, Faber and Faber
2008
The Twilight Readings, with Clare Lilley, Yorkshire Sculpture Park
2008
The Not Dead, Pomona
2008
Out of the Blue, Enitharmon
2008
Gig, Viking
2007
Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, Faber and Faber
2006
Tyrannosaurus Rex versus the Corduroy Kid, Faber and Faber
2006
Homer's Odyssey, Faber and Faber
2005
The Shout, Harcourt (US)
2004
The White Stuff, Viking
2003
Mortification: Writers' Stories of Their Public Shame, contributor, Fourth Estate
2002
Travelling Songs, Faber and Faber
2002
The Universal Home Doctor, Faber and Faber
2001
Selected Poems, Faber and Faber
2001
Little Green Man, Viking
2000
Mister Heracles, Faber and Faber
1999
Short and Sweet: 101 Short Poems, editor, Faber and Faber
1998
The Penguin Book of Poetry from Britain and Ireland since 1945, editor with Robert Crawford, Penguin
1998
All Points North, Viking
1997
CloudCuckooLand, Faber and Faber
1996
Moon Country, with Glynn Maxwell, Faber and Faber
1995
The Dead Sea Poems, Faber and Faber
1995
Penguin Modern Poets, contributor, Penguin
1994
The Anaesthetist, Prospero Poets
1993
Book of Matches, Faber and Faber
1992
Xanadu, Bloodaxe
1992
Kid, Faber and Faber
1991
Around Robinson, Slow Dancer
1989
Zoom!, Bloodaxe
1988
The Walking Horses, Slow Dancer
1987
The Distance Between Stars, Wide Skirt
1986
Human Geography, Smith/Doorstop

Awards

2010
T. S. Eliot Prize, Seeing Stars, shortlist
2010
Keats-Shelley Prize, 'The Present'
2010
CBE
2005
Spoken Word Publishing Association Award, Odyssey, gold award
2005
National Book Critics' Circle Award (US), The Shout, shortlist
2003
Ivor Novello Award, Feltham Sings
2003
BAFTA, Feltham Sings
2002
T. S. Eliot Prize, The Universal Home Doctor, shortlist
1998
Yorkshire Post Book Award (Book of the Year, All Points North
1997
Whitbread Poetry Award, CloudCuckooLand, shortlist
1995
Whitbread Poetry Award, The Dead Sea Poems, shortlist
1995
T. S. Eliot Prize, The Dead Sea Poems, shortlist
1995
Forward Poetry Prize (Best Poetry Collection of the Year), The Dead Sea Poems, shortlist
1994
Lannan Literary Award (Poetry)
1993
Sunday Times Young Writer of the Year Award, Xanadu and Kid
1992
Forward Poetry Prize (Most Promising Young Poet), Kid
1989
Whitbread Poetry Award, Zoom!, shortlist
1988
Eric Gregory Award, Zoom!